“What is written without effort is in general read without pleasure.”

Samuel Johnson

lingoLee - Editing Services

The editing process aims to ensure that the written document that the reader sees in fact conveys the message that the writer intended.

Professional editing can improve and polish any kind of text, from your business card or resume, through your company’s catalog or Website, all the way to your six-volume biography or academic dissertation.
The bottom line is this: your written document is a snapshot of you, and it reflects your professionalism.

Regardless of the type of document, various editing levels are available.

Developmental (content) editing

To ensure the coherent exposition of ideas, the emphasis in developmental editing is to enable the reader to follow your thought process as it develops. A well-honed, comprehensible message should include signs that guide the reader towards the goal that you defined.

Therefore, developmental editing addresses

  • Word choice
  • Sentence structure
  • Paragraph aim and function
  • Overall structure of text (chapters, topics, sub-topics)

and includes

  • Rewriting and
  • Copyediting


Having carved a path for your reader to follow, copyediting then paves the road, making sure that reading process is unencumbered by obstacles.

Therefore, copyediting addresses

  • Punctuation
  • Grammar
  • Uniformity of language and style
  • Presentation of bibliography or reference list
  • Publisher requirements


This is the icing on the cake. You wouldn’t want to present your confection for public consumption without it. Proofreading delivers the “finishing touch”, by searching for and correcting a “crossed i “ or a “dotted t”.

Wondering which type of editing your text warrants? Why not discuss it with an expert editor?

Remember: A professionally edited text conveys a precise and compelling message.